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When Is The Greatest Time To Spay Or Neuter My Saint Bernard?

It’s onerous to know when to spay or neuter – or should you ought to in any respect. Right here’s the most effective veterinary recommendation on your Saint Bernard.

So that you’ve determined to spay or neuter your Saint Bernard– however when?

Usually known as getting your canine Mounted or Achieved (nomenclature that bugs me, as a result of, mounted, implies damaged, which is kinda imply!), nearly all of canines have this minor process carried out upon them at a younger age. Often on a veterinary suggestion.

I do know when Indie was little, I used to be advised: “Six months, on the dot” – which is widespread recommendation given throughout America and Europe. In case you ask the Web (i.e. Fb) normally suggestions say later and say a minimal of twelve months. 

However is that even proper? Or is it based in any form of science? 

With this conflicting data, how are you meant to know? Belief your vet? Do as your loved ones has at all times carried out? Or belief the rando on the web who seems to know all of it. 

However is that even proper? Or is it based in any form of science? 

I do know when Indie was little, I used to be advised “Six months, on the dot”

Ali Smith,

None of that appears to be a good suggestion when the potential penalties of those procedures are rumoured to be among the scariest ailments and illnesses a canine can face… Most cancers, Hip or Elbow Dysplasia, and different rotten afflictions like pyometra. All of that is the results of eradicating the supply of hormones…

Fortunately, analysis has come ahead which isn’t simply measurement particular, however breed-specific for 35 breeds! So, right here we’re going to debate the best occasions for spaying or neutering your canine.

First, let’s do some housekeeping…

Spaying or neutering a St. Bernard  is a big decision, it's best that they are responsibly bred
While neutering doesn’t have an effect on behaviour, neutering might have an effect on your boys roaming to seek out females.

What’s Neutering?

That is the surgical castration of a male canine – normally by the removing of his testicles (sorry for making you cringe, gents!). This course of signifies that your male canine can’t breed and that they’re now not producing hormones which can be essential to your canine’s growth – each emotionally and bodily.

What’s Spaying?

Much like neutering, spaying is a type of surgical castration that removes the ovaries and most frequently the fallopian tubes together with it. This implies your woman can’t breed, but it surely additionally means she is lacking some essential hormones.

This course of might be carried out in a ‘keyhole’ surgical procedure at further value, although it’s a lot better for restoration occasions.

Beneficial age:

Male – It’s your selection!

Feminine – It’s your selection!

With solely 94 St. bernards within the research, it makes it actually tough to make use of this knowledge with any aspect of reliability. There’s not likely a large enough pattern of the breed to get reliability or trustworthiness in these numbers.

cute st bernard puppy
What a cutie! The age of your pup is de facto essential as an element of their future well being as you take into account spay or neuter surgical procedure. In case you want extra information on the method, head over to The Rebarkable Spay & Neuter Info Middle!

What Are The Dangers?

Right here’s a fast overview of what the research says the breed suffers from relying on when their surgical castration (Spay or Neuter) was carried out. The goal of offering this data is about supplying you with all the knowledge to make the most effective resolution.

Problems embrace – Cranial cruciate ligament tears or ruptures, Hip Dysplasia, Elbow Dysplasia 

Cancers embrace – LymphomaHemangiosarcomaMast Cell Tumours, Bone Most cancers (Osteosarcoma),

Gender Age of
Surgical Castration
Dysfunction danger Most cancers Threat
Male Underneath 6 months 40% 17%
Male 6 to 11 months 14% 0%
Male 12 to 23 months 0% 0%
Male 2 years to eight years 0% 0%
Male Intact 8% 4%
Feminine Underneath 6 months 100% 0%
Feminine 6 to 11 months 0% 33%
Feminine 12 to 23 months 0% 0%
Feminine 2 years to eight years 0% 14%
Feminine Intact 6% 11%
Comes from Helping Resolution-Making on Age of Neutering for 35 Breeds of Canines: Related Joint Problems, Cancers, and Urinary Incontinence (Hart et al, 2020) the place 94 Saint Bernards had been monitored over the course of 15 years to gather this knowledge.
  • 15% of intact females developed Pyometra.
  • Urinary incontinence was not present in spayed females.
  • There have been no occurrences of Mammary Most cancers in both the intact or spayed females

So, there are a few points right here, such because the 100% of below 6 month outdated females, and different spikes you possibly can see over this show.


I get that they give the impression of being scary, however please do do not forget that the typical pattern measurement for these canines is 10 canines – with a few of these ‘buckets’ solely containing 4 canines. Once more, with pattern sizes this small? We may actually be taking a look at one or two poor high quality breeders bucking these tendencies.

On this occasion, I’m hoping to procure your canine from a accountable breeder, it could be finest to return to your breeder and focus on this with them, they may (or ought to!) have knowledge on whether or not their woofs are having medical points and the way finest to handle or keep away from them.

Please do do not forget that well being testing is actually essential! So earlier than you do spend money on a pet, be certain that your breeder has invested in them too, by trying on the Saint Bernard well being testing options from the OFA.

In case you’re doing what I’m doing and taking a look at this analysis and reconsidering? It’s good to know that there are different choices obtainable.

Sure! On the presumption that these points are brought on by the dearth of hormones (which is sort of definitely the difficulty!) – there are a few methods to maintain hormones however not facilitate breeding.

For Women


That is the surgical removing of the uterus and solely half of the fallopian tubes! The removing of those signifies that your woman is with out the power to breed – nevertheless – as she retains her ovaries, hormones will nonetheless be produced and will imply that her danger ranges are the identical as an intact feminine – with out the chance of pyometra! Although, there’s a danger that the breeding intuition can stay? Which can be fairly dangerous if a male tries to breed together with her. 

st bernard puppy

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For Boys


The tubes that run from the testes are known as the vas deferens – these are what get lower or eliminated on this occasion – rendering your canine with out the power to impregnate a feminine. It leaves his hormones (and certain his want to breed because of this) but additionally signifies that your canine ought to have the identical danger components as a complete male.

Chemical Castration

Do you know that surgical castration will not be authorized in Norway? Consequently what’s widespread in Sweden, Denmark, and Norway is chemical castration which is an injection your canine must have each six months that drop the degrees of testosterone by roughly half. Which is confirmed to be efficient in momentary neuter on your canine. This implies you possibly can really check what castration may do to your canine and is commonly the way it’s used within the UK and America – but it surely’s additionally a improbable method of not placing your canine by surgical procedures. 

2 st bernards socialising
2 Earlier than and after a spay or neuter surgical procedure, socialisation is so essential on your Saint Bernard

The research “Helping Resolution-Making on Age of Neutering for 35 Breeds of Canines: Related Joint Problems, Cancers, and Urinary Incontinence” (Hart BL, Hart LA, Thigpen AP, Willits NH) was launched in July 2020 – it covers 35 totally different breeds – and a separate scientific paper for blended breeds. The research adopted a complete of 15,414 canines over 15 years of recording;

  1. The age of the canine when neutered or spayed
  2. Breed
  3. Problems together with: 
  4. Cancers together with;

Basic Ideas Throughout The Examine

I discover it extremely attention-grabbing that there’s breed-specific deviance. Previous to this, I used to be very a lot of the camp that it was merely a case of variations for canines of totally different measurement brackets – however that seems to not be the case.

For instance, a male Labrador (for whom I’d have assumed weren’t dissimilar to a Saint Bernard) even have the most effective outcomes when neutered at 6 months – but the females favor a barely older age (When Ought to I Spay Or Neuter My Labrador is right here by the best way!).

So it’s actually value doing all of your analysis about this stuff.

As at all times? There’s not fairly sufficient data to make a completely knowledgeable resolution (yay for variables!) however, you possibly can positively get a good suggestion of it.

It’s value noting that this research is a improbable guideline – and some of the stable items of analysis we’ve had – it doesn’t take into consideration many components that I would think about ought to be thought-about. The constraints I see are as follows;

  • A number of circumstances weren’t recorded in the event that they fell in the identical class,
  • Genetics weren’t thought-about,
  • Residing circumstances weren’t thought-about,
  • Meals high quality was not thought-about,
  • The train a canine had was not thought-about,
  • Physique situation was not factored in as a result of it had been studied beforehand and no robust correlation was discovered between physique situation and joint points.

The largest factor I can say is, that while that is the scientific suggestion for when to spay or neuter your St. Bernard do do not forget that on the finish of the day? This is your resolution. You’re the just one who could make this resolution. So, do your finest – you’ve already discovered an exceptional useful resource – simply hold studying.

Or take a look at The Rebarkable Spay & Neuter Info Middle! The place you’ll discover the solutions to all of your spay & neuter questions.

Writer, Ali Smith

Ali Smith is the Optimistic Pet Skilled, canine coach and is the founding father of Rebarkable. She is captivated with serving to pet dad and mom get issues proper, proper from the beginning. To assist create a pet able to being a assured and adaptable member of the family and hold puppies out of shelters.

Ali has received a number of awards for her canine coaching, and has had her weblog (this weblog!) rated as 2021 & 2022 worlds’ finest pet weblog!



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