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Sorts Of Turtles With Photos, Listing Of Fascinating Turtle Species


Turtles are reptiles belonging to the order Testudines, which is certainly one of 4 reptilian orders, the others being crocodilians, squamates (lizards and snakes) and rhynchocephalians (tuatara).

On this web page we check out 30 notable sorts of turtles, from the land-dwelling desert tortoise Gopherus agassizii, to the mighty leatherback sea turtle Dermochelys coriacea, the world’s largest residing turtle.

How Many Totally different Sorts Of Turtles Are There?

There are 356 turtle species (together with tortoises). Collectively, turtles account for simply 3% of all reptiles; there are round 10 instances as many snake species, and 20 instances as many lizard species, than there are species of turtle.

There are two most important sorts of turtles: “side-necked turtles” of suborder Pleurodira; and “hidden-neck turtles” of suborder Cryptodira; simply over two thirds of turtles are hidden-neck turtles. Effectively-known sorts of turtles embrace tortoises, that are land-living turtles of household Testudinidae; terrapins, that are usually small, aquatic turtles; and sea turtles, that are seven species of enormous, marine turtles.

  • Hidden-neck turtles (suborder Cryptodira) are capable of pull their heads straight again into their shells.
  • Facet-necked turtles (suborder Pleurodira) have to maneuver their necks sideways with a view to defend their heads of their shells.

Under is an inventory of turtle species from all all over the world. We’ve included turtles generally saved as pets; two of the seven species of sea turtle (you may see the others on this web page: Sea Turtles); North American turtles such because the field, musk and snapping turtles, and attention-grabbing turtle species from different elements of the world…


Sorts Of Turtles Index

Associated Pages


African Helmeted Turtle

African Helmeted Turtle
  • Scientific identify: Pelomedusa subrufa
  • Suborder: Pleurodira (side-necked turtles)
  • Household: Pelomedusidae
  • The place discovered: Africa (together with Madagascar), Asia
  • Conservation standing: Unassessed

The African helmeted turtle is a small, side-necked turtle discovered all through sub-Saharan Africa, and in Yemen in western Asia.

Also referred to as “crocodile turtle” and “marsh terrapin”, this semi-aquatic species could be present in each everlasting and non permanent our bodies of water, however exhibits a desire for standing water similar to lakes, swamps and rain puddles over rivers.

The African helmeted turtle shares its habitat with iconic African animals similar to crocodiles, warthogs, hippopotamuses, buffalos and rhinos. Lately, it has been documented that a few of these bigger mammals profit from the turtle consuming parasites from their our bodies.

Not like different family members Pelomedusidae, the African helmeted turtle doesn’t possess a hinged plastron, and is subsequently unable to encase its head and entrance limbs in its shell by closing its plastron.

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Alabama Purple-Bellied Cooter

Alabama Red Bellied Turtle
  • Scientific identify: Pseudemys alabamensis
  • Suborder: Cryptodira (hidden-neck turtles)
  • Household: Emydidae
  • The place discovered: North America
  • Conservation standing: Endangered

The Alabama red-bellied cooter is a member of the pond turtle household, Emydidae. It’s discovered solely in Alabama, USA, and is the official reptile of that state.

The species is called after the orange-red coloration of its plastron. Females are barely larger than males, having a most size of round 35.5 cm / 14 in, in comparison with the males’ 30 cm / 12 in.

The Alabama red-bellied cooter inhabits dense vegetation in freshwater and brackish waters of the Cellular-Tensaw River Delta.

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Alligator Snapping Turtle

Alligator Snapping Turtle Reptile
  • Scientific identify: Macrochelys temminckii
  • Suborder: Cryptodira (hidden-neck turtles)
  • Household: Chelydridae
  • The place discovered: North America
  • Conservation standing: Susceptible

The alligator snapping turtle reaches weights of over 100 kg / 220 lb., and has a carapace size of over 80 cm / 2.62 ft., making it one of many world’s largest freshwater turtle species. Solely the Asian softshell species of household Trionychidae attain related (or bigger) sizes.

Named for the resemblance of its heavily-ridged shell to the pores and skin of an alligator, the alligator snapping turtle is discovered within the southeastern United States. It inhabits rivers that movement into the Gulf of Mexico.

The alligator snapping turtle has an uncommon method of feeding. The tip of its tongue resembles a worm, and by sitting immobile on the riverbed with its mouth open, the turtle lures fish – attracted by the “worm” – to inside snapping vary of its highly effective jaws.

The turtle may also eat all kinds of different prey, together with birds, snakes, mammals and even different turtles. Its highly effective jaws are fairly able to severing a human finger.

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Arrau Turtle / Large River Turtle

Arrau Turtle
Ajoposor, CC BY 3.0, by way of Wikimedia Commons (cropped / resized by ActiveWild.com)
  • Scientific identify: Podocnemis expansa
  • Suborder: Pleurodira (side-necked turtles)
  • Household: Podocnemididae
  • The place discovered: South America
  • Conservation standing: Decrease Threat / Conservation Dependent

The Arrau turtle is each the biggest side-neck turtle, and the biggest non-marine turtle, present in South and Central America. It’s a member of the household Podocnemididae.

People of this species usually attain a carapace size of 90 cm / 35 in. and a weight of 60 kg / 130 lbs., though instances of Arrau turtles reaching 100 kg / 220 lbs. have occurred.

Whereas primarily herbivorous, the enormous river turtle is an opportunistic feeder that can eat carrion and smaller animals when it has the prospect to take action.

The Arrau turtle was as soon as a standard sight alongside the banks of the Amazon and Orinoco rivers, however in latest instances its inhabitants has decreased dramatically. It’s closely hunted by locals for its meat and eggs, even in areas the place this follow has been deemed unlawful.

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Asian Large Softshell Turtle

Asian Giant Softshell Turtle
Picture: Dementia, CC BY-SA 2.0, by way of Wikimedia Commons (cropped / resized by ActiveWild.com)
  • Scientific identify: Pelochelys cantorii
  • Suborder: Cryptodira (hidden-neck turtles)
  • Household: Trionychidae
  • The place discovered: Southeast Asia
  • Conservation standing: Critically Endangered

The Asian big softshell turtle is a member of the “softshell turtle” household, Trionychidae. Like different members of this household, it has a flat carapace that lacks scutes (bony plates), giving a easy, leathery and relatively “delicate” really feel. Adults are largely olive inexperienced, whereas juveniles are inclined to have some darkish spots on their shells and faces.

With a carapace that reaches lengths of as much as 1 m / 3.28 ft, the Asian big softshell turtle is the biggest member of its household. Females are considerably bigger than males.

Unproven stories of people with carapace lengths of as much as 1.8 m / 5.9 ft. would make the species the biggest freshwater turtle; as issues stand, it shares this title with a number of different members of its household.

The Asian big softshell will sometimes eat aquatic crops however is are primarily carnivorous. It’s an ambush hunter, counting on a quick, outward head motion paired with a simultaneous and highly effective chew to seize its prey.

The species’ inhabitants is quickly reducing, primarily as a result of habitat destruction and human consumption of people and eggs.

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Massive-Headed Turtle

Big Headed Turtle
Picture: luki, CC BY-SA 3.0, by way of Wikimedia Commons (cropped / resized by ActiveWild.com)
  • Scientific identify: Platysternon megacephalum
  • Suborder: Cryptodira (hidden-neck turtles)
  • Household: Platysternidae
  • The place discovered: Southeast Asia
  • Conservation standing: Critically Endangered

The large-headed turtle is a hidden-neck turtle present in east and southeast Asia.

As its identify suggests, the big-headed turtle has a disproportionately massive head. Its head, and lengthy tail collectively make up for half of its common physique size of 40 cm / 16 inches.

The turtle’s muscular, lengthy tail is ready to maintain your entire weight of the turtle, and is used to assist the turtle climb over obstacles.

Though the big-headed turtle’s head can’t retract into the shell, it has an especially sturdy cranium to make up for the shortage of safety.

Little or no is thought in regards to the big-headed turtle’s reproductive habits apart from the truth that it lays simply 1 – 2 eggs per clutch.

This, mixed with threats similar to an ever-growing demand from the unlawful pet commerce and habitat loss all through its vary, have brought about the species to develop into Critically Endangered.

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Widespread Field Turtle

Common Box Turtle
  • Scientific identify: Terrapene carolina
  • Suborder: Cryptodira (hidden-neck turtles)
  • Household: Emydidae
  • The place discovered: North America
  • Conservation standing: Susceptible

The frequent field turtle is certainly one of six or seven species of field turtle, which collectively make up the genus Terrapene. Additionally it is often called the “jap field turtle”.

(There’s some debate over the precise variety of field turtle species, because the Yucatán field turtle is taken into account by some to be a subspecies of the frequent field turtle, moderately than a separate species.)

The plastron of a Field turtle is hinged, permitting the turtle to shut up its shell to guard itself from predators.

Present in southern Canada, the jap United States and northern Mexico, the frequent field turtle is, like all field turtles, primarily terrestrial (land-dwelling). It inhabits forests, shrublands and inland wetlands.

The frequent field turtle has seven subspecies, together with the jap field turtle, Florida field turtle and Mexican field turtle.

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Widespread Musk Turtle

Common Musk Turtle
  • Scientific identify: Sternotherus odoratus
  • Suborder: Cryptodira (hidden-neck turtles)
  • Household: Kinosternidae
  • The place discovered: North America
  • Conservation standing: Least Concern

The frequent musk turtle is also called the “stinkpot”, as a result of its capability to secrete a foul-smelling yellowish fluid from scent glands situated on its undersides.

The small turtle’s shell is between 7.5 and 14 cm / 3 and 5.5 inches in size, and is easy and high-domed. Two yellow stripes run alongside both aspect of the top.

The frequent musk turtle is present in southeastern Canada, and all through a lot of the jap United States. It inhabits each flowing and nonetheless freshwater environments, and spends much less time basking than related species. Its food plan consists primarily of mollusks.

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Widespread Snapping Turtle

Common Snapping Turtle
  • Scientific identify: Chelydra serpentina
  • Suborder: Cryptodira (hidden-neck turtles)
  • Household: Chelydridae
  • The place discovered: North America (launched: elements of Asia)
  • Conservation standing: Least Concern

On account of its perceived aggression and the fabled energy of its jaws, the frequent snapping turtle is certainly one of America’s finest recognized turtle species. It’s the most widespread of the three snapping turtle species, and the one one present in america and Canada.

Snapping turtle eggs and hatchlings have many predators, however as soon as the species reaches a sure measurement it’s comparatively secure from predation. Solely bears, alligators, and with much less frequency, river otters, have been documented preying on grownup snappers.

The frequent snapping turtle is solitary and intensely aggressive. It has been recognized to kill different turtles by decapitating them with its highly effective jaws, a conduct that has been attributed to territoriality.

An omnivore, the frequent snapping turtle eats massive quantities of aquatic crops, in addition to foraging for carrion and actively searching quite a few animals, together with waterfowl and small mammals. It often employs an ambush technique, ready for its prey to attract close to earlier than launching an assault.

The frequent snapping turtle has a most carapace size of fifty cm / 19 inches and a most weight of 35 kg / 77 lb., though the typical specimen is considerably smaller. The species’ tail is nearly so long as its shell.

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Desert Tortoise

Mojave desert tortoise
  • Scientific identify: Gopherus agassizii
  • Suborder: Cryptodira (hidden-neck turtles)
  • Household: Testudinidae
  • The place discovered: Southwestern United States
  • Conservation standing: Critically Endangered

Also referred to as “Mojave desert tortoise” and “California desert tortoise”, the desert tortoise is endemic to (solely present in) america. It inhabits dry shrublands in California, Nevada, Utah and Arizona.

Females lay 1 clutch per 12 months, every of which can comprise between 1 and 14 eggs (the typical is 3 to five eggs.) The yolk supplies the toddler with sufficient vitamins not just for its improvement contained in the egg, but in addition for as much as 6 months after hatching.

Desert tortoises are herbivorous. They spend 95 – 98 % of their life underground. They’re geared up with lengthy claws that make them environment friendly diggers.

Males are typically bigger than females, reaching a weight of 20 kg / 44 lbs. Females are round 13 kg / 28 lbs. in weight. Each sexes have a shell size of 25. 4 to 40 cm / 10 to fifteen.7 in.

The primary threats to this critically endangered species are habitat loss and habitat fragmentation, each attributable to to human exercise.

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Diamondback Terrapin / Terrapin

Ryan Hagerty [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
  • Scientific identify: Malaclemys terrapin
  • Suborder: Cryptodira (hidden-neck turtles)
  • Household: Emydidae
  • The place discovered: Jap United States
  • Conservation standing: Susceptible

The diamondback terrapin is discovered close to the coast within the jap and southern United States. It’s uncommon amongst reptiles in that it inhabits brackish waters (waters wherein freshwater is blended with seawater), similar to estuaries, creeks, swamps and marshes. It should, nonetheless, stay near freshwater to keep away from dehydration.

As with sea turtles, the feminine terrapin finds a nesting website on seashores above the excessive tide line. Right here, it lays anyplace from 4 – 18 eggs (with some research suggesting as many as 25) between the months of April by July. Incubation takes 80 – 90 days.

One of many main threats to the diamondback terrapin all through most of its vary is unintentional seize in crab pots supposed for the blue crab, an edible crustacean. The terrapins enter the crab pots, and, unable to flee, finally drown.

Different contributing causes to the diamondback terrapin’s decline embrace a lack of nesting websites as a result of agricultural and residential improvement, and being hit by each automobiles and boats.

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East African Black Mud Turtle

East African Black Mud Turtle
Picture: Abu Shawka, CC BY-SA 3.0, by way of Wikimedia Commons (cropped / resized by ActiveWild.com)
  • Scientific identify: Pelusios subniger
  • Suborder: Pleurodira (side-necked turtles)
  • Household: Pelomedusidae
  • The place discovered: Africa
  • Conservation standing: Least Concern

The East African black mud turtle is an African species also called the Pan terrapin and the black-bellied hinged terrapin. It’s present in tropical and sub-tropical areas of jap and southeastern Africa.

The species’ carapace is 13 to twenty cm / 5.1 to 7.9 inches in size, and is usually easy with yellow markings on its edges.

An omnivore, the East African black mud turtle will eat fish, invertebrates and crops. It’s largely lively at evening.

This species could be saved as a pet, however though simply dealt with, will act aggressively in the direction of different turtles.

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Jap Lengthy-Necked Turtle

Eastern Long Necked Turtle
Picture: jjron [CC BY-SA 3.0] (cropped / resized by ActiveWild.com)
  • Scientific identify: Chelodina longicollis
  • Suborder: Pleurodira (side-necked turtles)
  • Household: Chelidae
  • The place discovered: Australia
  • Conservation standing: Unassessed

Named after its exceptionally lengthy neck, this freshwater turtle is present in southeastern Australia. The top and neck, when prolonged, make up 60% of the turtle’s complete size of 25 cm / 9.84 in.

The jap long-necked turtle has a lifespan of as much as 37 years. A carnivore, the turtle’s prey consists of fish, mollusks, crustaceans, tadpoles and different aquatic invertebrates. They may also sometimes catch terrestrial bugs.

The species has a peculiar protection mechanism: when threatened by a predator, it should emit a foul smelling yellow fluid from its musk glands. Additionally it is recognized to retract its head into its shell and cost a possible predator, typically whereas additionally snapping its jaws defensively.

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False Map Turtle

False Map Turtle
  • Scientific identify: Graptemys pseudogeographica
  • Suborder: Cryptodira (hidden-neck turtles)
  • Household: Emydidae
  • The place discovered: United States
  • Conservation standing: Least Concern

The false map turtle is certainly one of 14 species of map turtle, so-named as a result of map-like markings on their shells. The false map turtle is present in massive streams within the Mississippi-Missouri basin. The species is also called the “Mississippi map turtle”.

The feminine has a carapace size of 20 – 27 cm / 7.9 – 10.6 in., making it round twice so long as the male, which reaches lengths of 9 – 14 cm / 3.5 – 5.5 in.

Like most turtle and tortoise species, the false map turtle has temperature dependent intercourse dedication, with cooler nests leading to all-male clutches, and hotter nests leading to all-female clutches.

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Florida Softshell Turtle

Florida Softshell Turtle
  • Scientific identify: Apalone ferox
  • Suborder: Cryptodira (hidden-neck turtles)
  • Household: Trionychidae
  • The place discovered: North America
  • Conservation standing: Least Concern

The Florida softshell turtle is the biggest member of the softshell turtle household, Trionychidae, discovered within the Americas.

Endemic to (solely present in) america, the species inhabits slow-moving and nonetheless our bodies of freshwater in Florida, Georgia, South Carolina and Alabama.

Not like most different turtle and tortoise species, the intercourse of the hatchlings is totally genetic and never affected in any respect by nest temperature.

The colour of people ranges from darkish olive inexperienced to brown. It’s the darkest softshell turtle current in Florida. The plastron is often white.

Like all softshell turtles, the Florida softshell turtle’s shell lacks onerous, bony scutes, and is delicate and leathery to the contact.

Sexual dimorphism happens on this species with females being as much as 4 instances bigger than the males. Bigger females are attributed with bigger clutch sizes.

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4-Eyed Turtle

Four Eyed Turtle
François Charles, CC BY-SA 3.0, by way of Wikimedia Commons (cropped / resized by ActiveWild.com)
  • Scientific identify: Sacalia quadriocellata
  • Suborder: Cryptodira (hidden-neck turtles)
  • Household: Geoemydidae
  • The place discovered: East and Southeast Asia
  • Conservation standing: Critically Endangered

The four-eyed turtle is without doubt one of the most placing species of turtle, having two – typically 4 – “faux” eye spots on the again of its head.

4-eyed turtles of each sexes are 11 – 15 cm / 4.3 – 5.9 in. in size. Males have blue-green eye spots, whereas these of the feminine are yellow.

The species’ inhabitants is reducing primarily as a result of their use in Asian meals and drugs, in addition to the seize of untamed turtles for the pet commerce. Habitat loss has additionally had an influence on the species.

This species has a yellow – tan carapace and is omnivorous. Though they’re solitary, and solely work together with one another throughout the breeding season, they don’t appear to thoughts sharing their area with different animals, together with conspecifics.

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Inexperienced Sea Turtle

Reptile Green Sea Turtle
  • Scientific identify: Chelonia mydas
  • Suborder: Cryptodira (hidden-neck turtles)
  • Household: Cheloniidae
  • The place discovered: Tropical and subtropical waters globally
  • Conservation standing: Endangered

reaching a weight of 200 kg / 440 lb., the inexperienced sea turtle is the biggest hard-shelled sea turtle; solely the leatherback sea turtle, which has a leathery carapace, is bigger.

The inexperienced sea turtle will get its identify, not due to its carapace coloration (which is a darkish olive), however due to the inexperienced fats discovered beneath it.

It takes inexperienced sea turtles from 20 to 50 years to achieve sexual maturity. Females return to the identical seaside on which they had been born to put their clutches. Only a few hatchlings survive previous their first 12 months; in keeping with a number of research it’s estimated that only one out of each 1000 make it to maturity.

Inexperienced sea turtles are omnivores as juveniles, however after reaching a sure measurement their food plan turns into virtually totally herbivorous.

This species may be very social and often strikes in massive teams that may swim so far as 90 km / 55.9 miles in a day.

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Hickatee

Hickatee Turtle
Picture: Matěj Baťha, CC BY-SA 3.0, by way of Wikimedia Commons (cropped / resized by ActiveWild.com)
  • Scientific identify: Dermatemys mawii
  • Suborder: Cryptodira (hidden-neck turtles)
  • Household: Dermatemydidae
  • The place discovered: Central America
  • Conservation standing: Critically Endangered

The Hickatee, also called the central American river turtle, is discovered solely in Atlantic-draining rivers and lakes from Southern Mexico, by Belize, to Guatemala. It primarily inhabits massive, deep rivers and lakes, however will swim to different areas throughout the wet season when water ranges are greater.

The species is totally aquatic, not even leaving the water to bask. It solely emerges from the water to nest, and is a slipshod and gradual walker. The hickatee is famously elusive, and people battle to find its nests.

Unusually, the species’ eggs stay viable even after being underwater for weeks. This will increase the prospect of success for nests in flood-prone areas.

The Hickatee was culturally important to historical Mayan tradition and was virtually hunted to extinction throughout Mayan instances.

The species’ scenario is little improved in the present day; nonetheless hunted for meals, the hickatee is probably going probably the most threatened turtle in its vary. There’s a sturdy chance of its develop into extinct, regardless of Belize being the one nation wherein searching the turtle remains to be authorized.

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Leatherback Sea Turtle

Leatherback sea turtle swimming
  • Scientific identify: Dermochelys coriacea
  • Suborder: Cryptodira (hidden-neck turtles)
  • Household: Dermochelyidae
  • The place discovered: Globally
  • Conservation standing: Susceptible

The leatherback sea turtle is the biggest of all turtles, and the second-largest marine reptile, after the saltwater crocodile. The species can attain lengths of as much as 1.8 m / 6 ft. and weights of over 450 kg / 1000 lb.

The leatherback sea turtle’s carapace lacks the onerous, bony scutes discovered within the shells of hard-shelled turtles. As a substitute, the carapace has a troublesome however comparatively delicate, leathery texture, therefore the species’ identify. The leatherback is the one sea turtle to have such a shell.

The leatherback has a “cosmopolitan” world vary, which extends throughout a lot of the world’s oceans, besides Antarctica.

A migratory species, the leatherback sea turtle spends most of its time in open water, solely coming ashore to put eggs. (Male sea turtles by no means once more set foot on land after hatching.)

The species feeds totally on jellyfish and has an uncommon adaptation to assist it survive this food plan: the turtle’s throat is lined with spines, which defend it from being stung.

The leatherback turtle is assessed as weak as a result of lack of habitat and searching.

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Malaysian Large Turtle

Malaysian Giant Turtle
Picture: Muhammad Yeriyan Nurramadhan, CC BY-SA 4.0, by way of Wikimedia Commons (cropped / resized by ActiveWild.com)
  • Scientific identify: Orlitia borneensis
  • Suborder: Cryptodira (hidden-neck turtles)
  • Household: Geoemydidae
  • The place discovered: Indonesia and Malaysia
  • Conservation standing: Critically Endangered

With a carapace size of as much as 80 cm / 2.62 ft. and a most weight of fifty kg / 110 lb., the Malaysian Large Turtle is without doubt one of the largest turtle species in Southeast Asia. It’s present in freshwater swamps, lakes and rivers in Peninsular Malaysia, and on the islands of Borneo and Sumatra.

This species primarily eats fish, however may also eat different small animals or fallen fruit.

The Malaysian Large Turtle is critically endangered as a result of searching and habitat loss. The species is hunted each for its meat and its shell, which is utilized in conventional Chinese language drugs.

The palm oil business is accountable for a lot of the habitat loss in Malaysia. Because the demand for palm oil will increase, increasingly more rainforest is being cleared to make method for plantations, Inflicting many animals to develop into endangered.

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Painted Turtle

Western Painted Turtle
Western Painted Turtle
  • Scientific identify: Chrysemys picta
  • Suborder: Cryptodira (hidden-neck turtles)
  • Household: Emydidae
  • The place discovered: North America
  • Conservation standing: Least Concern

The Painted Turtle is a standard sight in ponds and lakes throughout North America. It’s the most wide-ranging North American turtle, being discovered throughout america, in addition to into southern Canada and northern Mexico.

The painted turtle is between 12 and 25 cm / 5 and 10 in. in size, with females being barely bigger than males. With shiny yellow and purple markings, it’s not onerous to see how this turtle acquired its identify.

Though largely aquatic, the species will usually pull itself out of the water to bask within the solar on logs or rocks. It’s an omnivore, with each plant matter and small animals that includes in its food plan.

Through the winter months, the painted turtle buries itself within the mud on the backside of a physique of water and hibernates. This permits the species to inhabit areas that might in any other case be too chilly for reptiles.

Whereas buried within the mud, the painted turtle is unable to breathe, and the species is a much-studied instance of a vertebrate that may survive for lengthy durations with out oxygen. (Supply)

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Pig-Nosed Turtle

Pig Nosed Turtle
  • Scientific identify: Carettochelys insculpta
  • Suborder: Cryptodira (hidden-neck turtles)
  • Household: Carettochelyidae
  • The place discovered: Northern Australia and southern New Guinea.
  • Conservation standing: Endangered

Discovered within the freshwater marshes and rivers of northern Australia, the pig-nosed turtle will get its identify from its distinctive, pig-like snout, which is very delicate and helps the animal to forage for meals.

The species can be notable for having flippers, moderately than toes. On this respect it resembles sea turtles, moderately than different freshwater turtles.

The pig-nosed turtle is a part of the superfamily Trionychidae, also called the soft-shell turtles. Nevertheless, in contrast to others of this group, the pig-nosed turtle retains a bony carapace beneath its leathery pores and skin as an alternative of the same old flat plate.

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Pond Slider

Pond Slider Turtle Red Eared
Purple-eared slider, a subspecies of pond slider.
  • Scientific identify: Trachemys scripta
  • Suborder: Cryptodira (hidden-neck turtles)
  • Household: Emydidae
  • The place discovered: South-central and southeastern United States and northern Mexico.
  • Conservation standing: Least Concern

The pond slider is a species of turtle native to the southern and southeastern United States and northern Mexico. It has three subspecies, the best-known of which is the red-eared slider. (The opposite two subspecies are the yellow-bellied and Cumberland sliders.)

The pond slider will get its identify from its behavior of sliding off rocks and logs into the water. The species is semi-aquatic, spending time each on land and within the water.

On account of its small measurement and docile nature, the pond slider is a well-liked pet turtle, each in its native North America and in lots of different elements of the world. Sadly, this has led to its turning into an invasive species exterior of its native vary. Launched pets could be detrimental to ecosystems, posing a risk to native turtles and different species.

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Roti Island Snake-Necked Turtle

Roti Island Snake-Necked Turtle
Roti Island Snake-Necked Turtle
  • Scientific identify: Chelodina mccordi
  • Suborder: Pleurodira (side-necked turtles)
  • Household: Chelidae
  • The place discovered: Southeast Asia
  • Conservation standing: Critically Endangered (probably extinct within the wild)

The Roti Island snake-necked turtle was discovered on two Southeast Asian islands: Rote, which is a part of Indonesia, and Timor. (The turtle is discovered on the East Timor a part of the island).

Right now, the critically endangered turtle could also be extinct within the wild on Rote.

The Roti Island snake-necked turtle is thought for its lengthy neck, which may develop to virtually so long as the carapace.

Because of its distinctive look, the species is a well-liked goal for poachers as a result of its excessive worth within the unlawful pet commerce. This commerce continues regardless of the species’ critically endangered standing. (Supply)

Captive breeding packages have been established in an try to save lots of this species from extinction, however the way forward for the Roti Island Snake-Necked Turtle is much from sure.

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Spiny Softshell Turtle

Texas Spiny Softshell Turtle
Texas Spiny Softshell Turtle
  • Scientific identify: Apalone spinifera
  • Suborder: Cryptodira (hidden-neck turtles)
  • Household: Trionychidae
  • The place discovered: North America
  • Conservation standing: Least Concern

The spiny softshell turtle is a freshwater turtle discovered throughout North America. It’s named for the quick spines that protrude from the entrance fringe of its shell, which has leathery, delicate texture. One other distinguishing characteristic is the species’ lengthy, “pig-like” nostril.

With a most carapace size of round 54 cm / 21 in., the spiny softshell turtle is without doubt one of the continent’s largest freshwater turtles. Solely females attain this measurement; males are considerably smaller.

Whereas most turtles are shy and reclusive, the Spiny Softshell Turtle is relatively sociable and may usually be seen basking communally within the solar.

The spiny softshell turtle is ready to “breathe underwater” by absorbing oxygen and emitting carbon dioxide by way of its pores and skin; no different freshwater turtle is as depending on this technique of respiration.

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Noticed Turtle

Spotted Turtle
  • Scientific identify: Clemmys guttata
  • Suborder: Cryptodira (hidden-neck turtles)
  • Household: Emydidae
  • The place discovered: North America
  • Conservation standing: Endangered

The Noticed Turtle is a small, semi-aquatic turtle present in ponds, marshes, and different wetlands all through the jap United States and Canada. Its carapace is black or darkish brown with yellow spots, and between 9 and 13 cm / 3.5 and 5 inches in size.

A shy, reclusive species, the noticed turtle spends most of its time buried in mud on the backside of ponds or streams. An omnivore, the noticed turtle feeds primarily on small aquatic animals, similar to insect larvae and small fish, however may also eat plant materials similar to fruit and algae.

The noticed turtle is endangered as a result of a variety of elements, together with being taken from the wild to provide the pet commerce, collisions with motor autos, and habitat loss.

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Striped Mud Turtle

Striped Mud Turtle
  • Scientific identify: Kinosternon baurii
  • Suborder: Cryptodira (hidden-neck turtles)
  • Household: Kinosternidae
  • The place discovered: North America
  • Conservation standing: Least Concern

The Striped Mud Turtle is a small, stocky turtle with a darkish brown or black shell marked with yellowish stripes. Like all turtles of household Kinosternidae (which incorporates mud and musk turtles), its carapace has a visual keel working alongside its middle.

A standard species, the striped mud turtle is present in nonetheless and slow-moving our bodies of water throughout the southeastern United States. It’s usually encountered making foraging expeditions out of the water.

An omnivore, the Striped Mud Turtle preys on bugs, snails, and small fish, and also will eat crops and algae.

the Striped Mud Turtle is a crucial member of its ecosystem, serving to to regulate the inhabitants of its prey species.

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Western Field Turtle / Ornate Field Turtle

Western, or Ornate Box Turtle
Ornate Field Turtle
  • Scientific identify: Terrapene ornata
  • Suborder: Cryptodira (hidden-neck turtles)
  • Household: Emydidae
  • The place discovered: Midwest and Southern United States, Gulf of Mexico
  • Conservation standing: Close to Threatened

The western field turtle is certainly one of six (or seven*) turtles of genus Terrapene, which collectively are often called “field turtles”.

* The Yucatán field turtle could or might not be a subspecies of the frequent field turtle.

Field turtles are terrestrial (land-dwelling) turtles that resemble tortoises. The western field turtle is present in a area roughly west of the Mississippi and east of the Rockies, and south into northern Mexico.

The species inhabits prairies, pastures and open woodlands and is commonly discovered removed from a physique of water.

Women and men could be distinguished by their coloring; males often have purple eyes and a purple or orange patch on their throats, whereas females have brown eyes and no throat patch.

Whereas the western field turtle just isn’t at the moment endangered, its numbers are reducing. That is largely as a result of habitat loss; the grasslands wherein the turtle is discovered are more and more being transformed to farmland.

Further threats to the western field turtle, which has a “Susceptible” conservation standing, embrace being injured, both by site visitors or by farm equipment, and being faraway from the wild to provide the pet commerce.

The frequent field turtle has two subspecies: the ornate field turtle, which is discovered within the Nice Plains area of america, and the desert field turtle, which is discovered within the southwestern United States and in Mexico.

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Western Swamp Turtle

Western Swamp Turtle
Picture: Bahudhara, CC BY-SA 3.0, by way of Wikimedia Commons (cropped / resized by ActiveWild.com)
  • Scientific identify: Pseudemydura umbrina
  • Suborder: Pleurodira (side-necked turtles)
  • Household: Chelidae
  • The place discovered: Western Australia
  • Conservation standing: Critically Endangered

The western swamp turtle is a critically endangered sort of turtle turtle present in a restricted variety of fragmented places round Perth in Western Australia. A comparatively small species, its shell is usually not more than 15.5 cm / 6.1 inches in size. Males are barely bigger than females.

The Western Swamp Turtle has skilled a big decline in numbers in recent times, and is Australia’s most endangered reptile. The primary risk to the Turtle is habitat loss as a result of each agricultural and industrial improvement.

Conservation of this species is managed beneath a species restoration plan that features inhabitants administration, captive breeding at Perth Zoo, and preservation of nature reserves. The species additionally has a charity dedicated to its conservation: the Pals of the Western Swamp Tortoise. (Supply)

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