In 2015, the Indian Railways introduced its plans to enhance cleanliness on-board and on stations, for which it constituted the ‘Atmosphere and Housekeeping Administration Directorate’, the wing to include these modifications.
Two years later, Fedrick Pariath, then deputy chief mechanical engineer (freight) of the Western Railways, Mumbai, was given the extra cost as deputy chief atmosphere and housekeeping supervisor.
The 60-year-old remembers that on the time, he had solely dealt with core mechanical engineering roles over his two-decade profession. Not one to shrink back from this new accountability, he took this new process as a possibility to provoke change.
“I made a decision to work my approach round it. There was rather a lot for me to do, provided that this was the primary environment-related initiative by the railways,” he tells The Higher India.
In 2019, he moved to the Ahmedabad division of Western Railways. Within the years since, beneath his management the division has seen monumental progress in lots of departments.
A number of stations — particularly the eight NGT-nominated stations of Ahmedabad, Gandhidham, Bhuj, Maninagar, Viramgam, Palanpur, Mahesana, and Samakhiali within the Ahmedabad division — immediately have an environment friendly waste administration system, water recycling system, photo voltaic panels and so forth.
A difficult accountability
Fedrick says that when he began working with the atmosphere and housekeeping administration within the Mumbai headquarters in 2017, his work was largely on the planning stage.
“I began by roping in blue chip firms by convincing them to begin CSR actions in railways. Many of the firms have enormous funds for CSR actions, however they typically don’t know put them to make use of,” he explains.
He continues, “I pitched them the thought to put in plastic bottle-crushing machines that might assist simple plastic administration at stations. Thus, over 20 such machines have been put in throughout a number of stations of the Western Railways.”
Two years later, he moved to the Ahmedabad division as a senior divisional atmosphere and housekeeping supervisor. “I took the chance and moved to the Ahmedabad division and continued my work from there,” Fedrick says.
“The Ahmedabad division is among the many prime performing divisions within the Indian Railways when it comes to loading, passenger transportation, and so forth. However it was lagging behind when it got here to sustainable environmental administration. I made a decision to implement plans for waste administration, air pollution management to deliver it to a stage the place it shines in all points,” he says.
Combating plastic air pollution
After the bottle-crushing machines, Fedrick’s subsequent focus was to cope with plastic waste. For this he collaborated with EcoHike, a Trichy-based organisation that makes apparels out of PET bottles.
“They recycled the pet bottles to make t-shirts, bed-sheets, pillow covers, napkins, headrests and so forth. Although the merchandise manufactured weren’t sufficient to be provided throughout the division, my solely intention was to point out that there are a number of methods by which we will sort out the plastic menace,” says Fedrick, who additionally roped in Bisleri, which agreed to supply a sitting bench manufactured from recycled plastics for each 50 kg of multi-layered plastic (MLP) offered by the railways.
Presently, the merchandise constructed from recycled PET bottles and the benches made by Bisleri are on show on the Ahmedabad and Gandhidham stations in Gujarat. “I wished folks to see these merchandise and surprise about the opportunity of recycling them. I consider that it’s going to affect them in a great way to be extra answerable for their actions,” he says.
An environment friendly waste administration system
Fedrick additionally focussed on waste segregation and put in separate color bins for moist, dry and plastic waste within the main stations.
“Moreover, we put in ApNova waste bins. These are high-quality, heavy bins which might be significantly proof against weathering and theft, making them excellent for public locations like railway stations. They have been additionally put in by CSR actions,” he explains.
So as to handle moist waste on the stations, he took the initiative to place up two compost machines — certainly one of 500 kg capability and the opposite of 250 kg — at Ahmedabad station. “We’ve been capable of generate round 6 to 7 tonnes of compost out of it. We additionally acquired a NABL certificates qualifying the compost to be of actually good high quality and appropriate for on-line sale. However we determined to make use of it for in-house functions like gardening.”
Two strong waste administration vegetation have been additionally arrange in main stations like Ahmedabad and Gandhidham, based mostly on the zero-waste idea. “All the rubbish we accumulate is transported to the strong waste vegetation. For this, we used e-vehicles that utterly run on solar energy,” he elaborates.
He provides, “We get a whole lot of silver foils within the rubbish that we segregate, clear, and dry. With the assistance of an organization named Japanese Cargo in Dahej, we turned the silver foils, tetra packs, and plastics into polyol sheaths. These sheaths are waterproof and can be utilized for building functions, and are pure warmth absorbers that scale back the temperature by 4 levels Celsius,” explains Fedrick, including that glasses have been crushed and become candle stands.
Powering by photo voltaic vitality
As a result of a whole lot of water is required to clean the coaches and platforms, there may be huge wastage, Fedrick says.
“We recycled water used for laundry in a phytoremediation mannequin sewage remedy plant (STP) put in at totally different areas throughout the Ahmedabad division. This generates round 860 Kld (kilo litres per day) recycled water, which is especially used for gardening, coach washing,” explains Fedrick.
Furthermore, the officer additionally arrange a Miyawaki forest on the premises of Ahmedabad Railway Station.
“In 2020 October, we planted round 2,400 bushes in 42 totally different varieties on an 800 sq-m space. Presently, the typical top of bushes is 15-20 ft,” he says, including that they’ve been conducting plantation drives as properly.
Fedrick additionally had solar energy panels put in with a capability of 313.8 kWp. “We generated round 4,20,274 kW items at Ahmedabad station, which involves round 21 per cent of the entire electrical energy consumption of the station,” he says, including that in stations like Ahmedabad, Sabarmati, and Vatva, there are programs in place for photo voltaic harvesting as properly.
Measuring the impression
Below Fedrick’s initiative, the Ahmedabad station has now began monitoring Air High quality Index and noise air pollution ranges on a real-time foundation with shows on the platforms.
“To my information, it’s the solely railway station in which there’s an air high quality monitoring system. Moreover, Ahmedabad station has been awarded a ‘platinum inexperienced’ score by the Indian Inexperienced Constructing Council. It has additionally been granted the ISO-14001 certification for the Environmental Administration System (EMS),” he provides.
Parimal Shinde, former ADRM Ahmedabad Division and present CWM at Mumbai Central Railways, who labored with Fedrick for 3 years, says, “He has all the time been an lively particular person and extremely self-motivated. It was his initiatives that introduced in a whole lot of constructive modifications in regard to environmental administration within the division. His initiatives have now set a path for the remainder of the railway divisions throughout India to study and observe.”
In response to Fedrick, “Virtually all divisions throughout the nation are actually following the solid-waste administration system that we had arrange. The paperwork I had created for the scope of labor have been handed on to each division.”
He says, “I really feel that individuals have grow to be extra conscious, particularly in regard to littering or plastic air pollution. Ever since we put in the dustbins, and displayed merchandise made out of recycled plastic, we now have noticed a change in behaviour among the many passengers. The railway workers are additionally extra acutely aware about water wastage.”
Just lately retired from his service, Fedrick now works as a advisor for environment-related tasks.
You’ll be able to contact Fedrick Pariath at +919909844050 or email@example.com
Edited by Divya Sethu